Schizophrenia; Types, and Complications

schizophrenia symptoms

Schizophrenia affects the individual ability to think and behave normally. Distorted thinking and behavior affect the overall functioning of the individual.

What are the Types of Schizophrenia?

The schizophrenia symptoms include hallucinations, delusion, and distorted thinking. The types of schizophrenia are:

  • Hebephrenic Schizophrenia: Individuals over fifteen are at a higher risk of suffering from hebephrenic schizophrenia. It causes the individual to suffer from disorganized thinking and speech. The hallucination and delusions last for a shorter period; however, they affect the behavior of the patient. The caregivers can notice a lack of facial expressions and inactiveness in body language.
  • Catatonic Schizophrenia: It is a rare condition, in which the patient mimics the body movements of others. The sudden and limited movements of the body appear inappropriate.
  • Undifferentiated Schizophrenia: Individuals diagnosed with undifferentiated schizophrenia portray combined symptoms of paranoid, catatonic, and hebephrenic. The patients require extensive care and testing for an exact diagnosis.
  • Residual Schizophrenia: Patients with residual schizophrenia exhibit negative symptoms and psychosis. The symptoms include poor memory, lack of body movements, and poor hygiene. The patient requires professional help and support, or the symptoms may worsen and lead to OCD.
  • Simple Schizophrenia: The patient exhibits positive and negative signs of schizophrenia. The symptoms of simple schizophrenia include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking, poor concentration, movement, and memory.
  • Cenesthopathic Schizophrenia: The patient experiences unusual bodily sensations that affect their behavior and quality of life.
  • Paranoid Schizophrenia: Most adults in later years are diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. the mental illness causes hallucinations and delusions, which affects their ability to differentiate reality from imagination.

What are the complications associated with Schizophrenia?

The complications associated with schizophrenia are:

  • Substance Abuse: Alcohol and drugs provide temporary relief from the symptoms and anxiety. It helps the patient feel better for a shorter time; however, it affects the mental and physical health. Substance abuse can be life-threatening and affects the quality of life.
  • Suicidal Ideation: Without support and medication, the symptoms worsen, which deteriorates physical and mental health. The patients are at a higher risk of having suicidal thoughts due to hopelessness. Therefore, parents and caregivers should encourage the patient to seek medical attention to prevent further complications.
  • Financial Problems: Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia may struggle to afford treatment and pay bills without insurance. The hopelessness and financial problems affect their ability to cope with the symptoms. The anxiety worsens and leads to further health-related complications.
  • Further Mental Health Problems: Hallucination and delusion can cause OCD and anxiety disorder. It affects the individual’s ability to perform adequately in everyday life. Unmanaged stress and anxiety increase the probability of depression. Clinical depression affects the functioning of vital organs. Furthermore, the symptoms cause hindrances in achieving personal and professional goals.
  • Difficult at School: Teenagers diagnosed with schizophrenia struggle at school and home. Peer pressure induces anxiety and affects academic performance. Therefore, teachers and primary caregivers must provide the child with a safe environment. School counselors should encourage them to speak their feelings and participate in social activities to improve their health.
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