How Magento Migration Works: A Complete Adobe Commerce Developer Guide


If you have to name a top-notch ecommerce platform that is preferred by developers globally, Magento is the answer. 

Since its inception, Magento has carved a niche for itself by offering some astonishing benefits to store owners.

Online stores on the Magento platform are versatile, flexible, feature-rich, and highly secure. Also, it is smooth sailing for developers if they want to create a Magento store with simple coding and support from the Magento online community. 

However, if you still use Magento 1, you must migrate your store to the Magento 2 version. The Magento 2 version is more advanced, feature-rich, and customer-friendly. All you need to do is to hire professional Magento 2 migration services. 

Magento 1 version has stopped offering support since June 2020, and you don’t have any choice but to migrate the store to Magento 2. 

Migrating to Magento 2 is a complex process with its challenges. It is the reason many Magento migrants are still using the old Magento 1 version. However, experts don’t recommend it. 

Magento 2 is more advanced, secure, and has many new features and functionalities. If you don’t migrate to Magento 2 today, you will have to do it someday. 

This post discusses step-by-step tips for Magento 1 to Magento 2 migration process. 

Stay tuned! 

A Comprehensive Guide to Migrate a Store from Magento 1 to Magento 2

Step 1 : Prerequisites

Before you start the migration process, you need to have the latest software versions at your disposal. You can get all the information about the required software products here

Furthermore, you will also need a data migration tool to migrate data from your existing Magento 1 store to the Magento 2 version. 

In addition to that, you will also need to download the latest composer version in your system.

Step 2: Magento Installaton. 

First, you will need to install the latest Magento 2 in your local host or server. 

Step 3: Install Data Migration Tool 

Ask Magento developers to run the following commands:

composer config repositories.magento composer

composer require magento/data-migration-tool:2.4.3

Once you run these commands, your system will ask for the authentication keys. 

You can select Access Keys from your Magento marketplace account. You can find it under MY PRODUCTS menu. 

Now, here you have two options:

You can create a New Access Key, or you can use an existing one. The Public Key is your username, and the Private Key is your password. 

Once you have added this information fully, you will be able to download the data migration tool. 

Step 4: Configure the Data Migration Tool 

This step is very crucial to migrating data from your Magento 1 to Magento 2. 

First of all, you need to find the existing Magento 1 version. 

Now, go to the root folder of the Magento 2 version and find the directory mentioned below:


Here, in the current magento1 version address, you need to enter the current Magento version you are using. 

Now, you need to open config.xml and find the code block mentioned here. 








        <database host=”localhost” name=”your_m1_db” user=”your_user” password=”your_password” />



        <database host=”localhost” name=”your_m2_db” user=”your_user” password=”your_password” />


Also, you need to change the crypt key in config.xml.

Find your Magento 1 version’s crypt_key first and paste it into the Magento 2 Crypt Key. 

Step 5: Migration Settings

You need to run the below-mentioned command for settings migration. 

php bin/magento migrate:settings – a vendor/magento/data-migration-tool/etc/opensource-to-opensource/your_magento1_version/config.xml

Once you run this command, all store and system configuration settings will be moved from the Magento 1 version to Magento 2. 

Step 6: Data Migration 

The next step is Data Migration. 

You also need to move data from Magento 1 to Magento 2. To perform data migration, you will need to run the following command. 

php bin/magento migrate:data -a vendor/magento/data-migration-tool/etc/opensource-to-opensource/your_magento1_version/config.xml

Step 7: Delta Migration 

This data migration mode will migrate all the new orders and catalog data you have previously changed to the Magento 2 version. 

For Delta Migration, you need to run the following command:

php bin/magento migrate:delta -a vendor/magento/data-migration-tool/etc/opensource-to-opensource/your_magento1_version/config.xml

Media Files Migration 

You need to perform the media files migration before you do data migration. 

All you need to do is to follow these steps:

  • First of all, you need to log in to your Magento 1 version. 
  • Go to System- Configuration- Advanced- System 
  • Now, click on Storage Configuration Media. 
  • Now, you need to select Media Storage and then Select Media Database. 
  • Now, click on Synchronize. 

Also, you need to repeat all the steps in the Magento 2 version to migrate media files. 

How to migrate media files in the file system?

You must manually copy all the media files, such as product images, categories, etc.

First, copy from the below path

<Magento 1 install dir>/media

And, now, paste it to the below path

<Magento 2 install dir>/pub/media

Theme Migration 

One thing to remember here is that both Magento versions have different XML structures. 

So you cannot just copy the layout files from the Magento 1 version and paste them into the Magento 2. 

There is a pre-built theme Magento 2 version offers. You can use it also. As it is a complex thing to do, better hire professional Magento 2 Migration Services. 

Extension Migration 

When it comes to extensions, Magento 1 extension modules are not compatible with the Magento 2 version. You need to integrate extensions manually. You can make a list of all the extensions you want to add to your Magento 2 store and add them manually. 

Perform Thorough Checking 

Once you migrate Magento 1 to Magento 2, ensure that all the features are performing excellently in Magento 2, including payment and shipping methods. 

Also, you must check your Magento 2 store as per the user’s point of view. If there are any issues, ask the Magento developers to address them. 


You will need professionals to migrate your store from Magento 1 to Magento 2. 

It is crucial that you hire a professional Magento migration services provider for this job. 

Migrate to the latest Magento 2 version and enjoy all the features, functionalities, and benefits it has to offer to you. 

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